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The Pokemon Trainer charges up his Tera Orb and raises it above his head.

Terastallizing isn’t the only way to power up a Pokemon.
Screenshot:: The Pokémon Company / Kotaku

For most players, Pokemon games is a fairly simple matter of attacking enemies’ weaknesses and scoring that sweet one-shot. But Pokemon can become incredibly overwhelming once you start playing competitively. What is an IV? What is an EV if not a beautiful brown fox that can transform into a bunch of other, more colorful and elaborate foxes?

In fact, they’re about hidden numbers and background math that competitive players love to tweak and manipulate to create the strongest versions of their favorite mons. EV and IV stand for effort values ​​and individual values. These hidden numbers determine the final state of a Pokémon’s six stats, and understanding how they work and how to influence them can give you a competitive edge. Let’s take a closer look.

A group of students are seen with their partner Pokémon attending a Pokémon Battle class.  The teacher stands in the middle of the battle arena while the students listen from the side.

Listen, students! It’s time to learn how to make your Pokémon the best it can be.
Screenshot:: The Pokémon Company / Kotaku

Not Eve…EV!

Manipulating effort values ​​is quite a time investment, as they are entirely based on what you expose Pokemon to by leveling them up. Each Pokemon has up to 510 total EV points, which must be distributed among all six stats, but each stat can only have 252 EVs individually.

You raise EVs using items like vitamins and feathers, each of which boosts specific stats. Vitamins are the most immediately effective, as each will increase an individual stat by 10 EV. Before Pokemon Sword and: shieldVitamins were only effective up to a Pokémon’s first 100 EVs, but now these items will work to max out individual stats up to a ceiling of 252. It’s pretty straightforward so far, but affecting Pokemon EVs while you’re training them in battles takes a bit more planning.

Each Pokemon you battle gives special EV boosts when defeated, often reflecting their own base stats. The amount of EVs you’ll get per stat depends on how powerful the Pokémon you’re fighting is. For example, if your Pokémon defeats Pichu, it will add one EV point to your creature’s Speed ​​stat. However, if you fight his fully evolved Raichu form, it will net you three Speed ​​EV points. If you felt so compelled, you could beat up a bunch of unsuspecting Pichuns to raise the Pokémon’s Speed ​​EVs, but you’ll hit the stat cap of 252 much faster if you’re fighting more powerful Pokémon.

However, some Pokemon don’t put all of their EVs into one stat like Raichu does. Take Butterfree for example. It splits its three EVs into Special Attack and Special Defense. So while there are better Pokemon to battle for any individual stat, beating Pokemon that get you a spread of EVs is a way to raise multiple EVs at once. It’s just a matter of your leveling goals and how you want to spend your time.

One thing worth noting about EVs is that because modern Pokemon games allow the entire party to gain experience after battles, EVs gained are shared through your party as they gain experience even if they are not on the field. So be careful what you train against and what Pokemon you have waiting in the wings to join the battle, as their EVs will be affected by these battles even if you don’t use them directly.

EV polishing can take some time, but you can speed up the process of raising specific EV stats by equipping Pokémon with power items that correlate with certain stats, such as the Power Anklet, which increases EV speed. s or the Power Belt which increases the EVs of the defense. . All of these can be purchased at Delibird Presents stores for $10,000 each.

The coach is seen talking to a man in a snowy area and standing next to Abomasnow.  His speech bubble reads: "Hyper Training!  Get it here!"“.

This person will help your Pokemon overcome the disadvantages of their natural state.
Screenshot:: The Pokémon Company / Kotaku

“Circumstances of birth are irrelevant”

Individual values, known as IVs, are a bit more complicated. IVs are essentially Pokemon genetics, as they are stat boosts unique to the specific Pokemon you have, ranging from zero points to 31 points. When unchanged, it Pokemon the series has used various ways to influence them over the years.

Imagine you had two level 100 Raichus, one with 31 Speed ​​IV and the other with zero. Even if you trained these two Raichus exactly the same and designed the same EV build, the one born with a 31 Speed ​​IV would have a speed stat 31 points higher than the other. Many competitive players will breed Pokemon in an attempt to achieve optimal IVs, as parent Pokemon pass on higher IVs to their own offspring.

In more recent games, Pokemon enabled players to ‘Hyper Train’ their ‘mons’ to increase their IVs against bottle caps. This can be done in places like Montenevera Scarlett: and: Violet talking to a trainer standing near the town’s Pokemon Center. Bottle caps can be tricky. You can buy them at Delibird Presents stores around Paldea, but they are quite expensive at $20,000 per hat. You can also beat them in high level tera raids, but often randomly. So while it may seem more urgent to be able to use Hyper Training, getting those bottle caps can take time, which is why some players prefer to max out Ditto’s IVs and use it to create better versions of whatever Pokemon they try. have created. raise

An image of Pokémon Violet shows Raichu's moves and stats, including effort values.

My Raichu are not EV/IV optimized, I just show a menu where you view them. Don’t yell at me. He is a good boy.
Screenshot:: The Pokémon Company / Kotaku

Just tell them it’s a pokemon nature.”

But no matter what a Pokémon’s EVs and IVs are, a few additional factors will determine whether they’re inherently effective compared to others.

Each Pokemon has a base stat specific to its type that increases as you breed your pets, and the direction of those numbers will be determined by how its EVs and IVs pan out. Raichu’s base stats position it as a fast, special attack-oriented Pokémon. It has a base speed stat of 110 and a special attack stat of 95, on top of its basic physical attack of 85.

This helps you decide which attacks are the most effective to learn. His physical attack stats are still respectable, but at a glance, Raichu is meant to be primarily a special attacker. Understanding EVs and IVs can help you change those scales, or at least fill in certain gaps. Raichu’s base physical defense stat is much lower than the rest at only 50, so if you want to help make up for that by raising his IVs with Hyper Training or fighting Pokemon that naturally raise are the physical protection of EVs, can help him increase a little. But those base stats can be affected by another factor that can affect how you split your EVs and IVs: Natures.

Along with its universal base stats, each individual Pokemon you encounter will also have a nature. These appear on status summary screens as a way to give a sense of your Pokemon’s personality, but they also determine one increased stat and one decreased stat. As such, some players will create multiple versions of a Pokémon in an attempt to get one with the most desirable Nature and stat build they want.

There are 25 natures in total Pokemon games right now, and their up and down stats are as follows, courtesy of of Serebii:

Hardy. No change
Alone. Attack/Defense
Brave. Attack/Speed
Diamond. Attack/Special Attack
Naughty: Attack/Special Defense
Brave: Defense/Offense
Obedient. No change
Rest: Defense/Speed
Impish: Defense/Speed
Lax: Defense/Special Defense
Cowardly. Speed/Attack
Haste. Speed/Defense
Seriously. No change
Jolly. Speed ​​/ Special Attack
Naive: Speed/Special Defense
Modest. Special Attack/Attack
Light. special attack/defense
Quiet. Special attack/speed
Shameful. No change
Rash. Special Attack/Special Defense
Quiet. special defense/attack
Gentle. special defense/protection
Sassy: Special defense / speed
Beware: Special Defense/Special Attack
Strange: No change

While nature itself is fixed, A sword and: shield introduced Mints, a new collection of items that can change the stat distribution associated with them. For example, Modest Mint will increase a Pokémon’s Special Attack, but lower its Attack stat, as if the Pokémon’s nature has changed. This won’t change the actual personality they talk about in their summary (that would be brainwashing), but it will allow you to tweak their stats for any competitive schemes you may have in mind.

Raichu smiles at the camera in the grassy area.

He is happy because I just told him we are going to change his EV/IVs Kotaku The comments won’t fool him for his sub-optimal build.
Screenshot:: The Pokémon Company / Kotaku

Different poker for different people

All these moving parts can keep up with a lot, and these mechanics are really there for competitive patients. It can be rewarding to get Pokémon to the competitive state you want and see them excel in battle, but it’s also a huge investment of time to get your team numbers right. But if you are interested in the competitive world. Pokemon, understanding EVs and IVs is a good gauge of whether or not this side of the scene is for you. And if it’s not, you can still do awesome tera raids with your friends like the current one Charizard one is done Scarlett: and: Violet right now.

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